Spherically isotropic, elastic spheres subject to diametral point load strength test

Kam Tim Chau, X. X. Wei

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

40 Citations (Scopus)


This paper presents an analytic solution for the stress concentrations within a spherically isotropic, elastic sphere of radius R subject to diametral point load strength test. The method of solution uses the displacement potential approach together with the Fourier-Legendre expansion for the boundary loads. For the case of isotropic sphere, our solution reduces to the solution by and agrees well with the published experimental observations by . A zone of higher tensile stress concentration is developed near the point loads, and the difference between this maximum tensile stress and the uniform tensile stress in the central part of the sphere increases with E/E′ (where E and E′ are the Youngs moduli governing axial deformations along directions parallel and normal to the planes of isotropy, respectively) , G′/G (where G and G′ are the moduli governing shear deformations in the planes of isotropy and the planes parallel to the radial direction) , and ν̄/ν′ (where ν̄ and ν′ are the Poissons ratios characterizing transverse reduction in the planes of isotropy under tension in the same plane and under radial tension, respectively) . This stress difference, in general, decreases with the size of loading area and the Poissons ratio.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4473-4496
Number of pages24
JournalInternational Journal of Solids and Structures
Issue number29
Publication statusPublished - 12 May 1999


  • Displacement functions
  • Point load strength test
  • Spheres
  • Spherically isotropic
  • Stress analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics

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