Speed planning for solar-powered electric vehicles

Mingsong Lv, Nan Guan, Ye Ma, Dong Ji, Erwin Knippel, Xue Liu, Wang Yi

Research output: Chapter in book / Conference proceedingConference article published in proceeding or bookAcademic researchpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


Electric vehicles (EVs) are the trend for future transportation. The major obstacle is range anxiety due to poor availability of charging stations and long charging time. Solarpowered EVs, which mostly rely on solar energy, are free of charging limitations. However, the range anxiety problem is more severe due to the availability of sun light. For example, shadings of buildings or trees may cause a solar-powered EV to stop halfway in a trip. In this paper, we show that by optimally planning the speed on different road segments and thus balancing energy harvesting and consumption, we can enable a solar-powered EV to successfully reach the destination using the shortest travel time. The speed planning problem is essentially a constrained non-linear programming problem, which is generally difficult to solve. We have identified an optimality property that allows us to compute an optimal speed assignment for a partition of the path; then, a dynamic programming method is developed to efficiently compute the optimal speed assignment for the whole trip with significantly low computation overhead compared to the state-of- The- Art non-linear programming solver. To evaluate the usability of the proposed method, we have also developed a solar-powered EV prototype. Experiments show that the predictions by the proposed technique match well with the data collected from the physical EV. Issues on practical implementation are also discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 7th International Conference on Future Energy Systems, e-Energy 2016
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery, Inc
ISBN (Electronic)9781450343930
Publication statusPublished - 21 Jun 2016
Event7th International Conference on Future Energy Systems, e-Energy 2016 - Waterloo, Canada
Duration: 21 Jun 201624 Jun 2016


Conference7th International Conference on Future Energy Systems, e-Energy 2016


  • Electric vehicle
  • Solar
  • Speed planning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Mechanical Engineering

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