Spectroscopy of the simplest criegee intermediate CH 2OO: Simulation of the first bands in its electronic and photoelectron spectra

Edmond P F Lee, Kam Wah Mok, Dudley E. Shallcross, Carl J. Percival, David L. Osborn, Craig A. Taatjes, John M. Dyke

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

44 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

CH 2OO, the simplest Criegee intermediate, and ozone are isoelectronic. They both play very important roles in atmospheric chemistry. Whilst extensive experimental studies have been made on ozone, there were no direct gas-phase studies on CH 2OO until very recently when its photoionization spectrum was recorded and kinetics studies were made of some reactions of CH 2OO with a number of molecules of atmospheric importance, using photoionization mass spectrometry to monitor CH 2OO. In order to encourage more direct studies on CH 2OO and other Criegee intermediates, the electronic and photoelectron spectra of CH 2OO have been simulated using high level electronic structure calculations and Franck-Condon factor calculations, and the results are presented here. Adiabatic and vertical excitation energies of CH 2OO were calculated with TDDFT, EOM-CCSD, and CASSCF methods. Also, DFT, QCISD and CASSCF calculations were performed on neutral and low-lying ionic states, with single energy calculations being carried out at higher levels to obtain more reliable ionization energies. The results show that the most intense band in the electronic spectrum of CH 2OO corresponds to the B̃ 1A' ← X̃ 1A' absorption. It is a broad band in the region 250-450-nm showing extensive structure in vibrational modes involving O-O stretching and C-O-O bending. Evidence is presented to show that the electronic absorption spectrum of CH 2OO has probably been recorded in earlier work, albeit at low resolution. We suggest that CH 2OO was prepared in this earlier work from the reaction of CH 2I with O 2 and that the assignment of the observed spectrum solely to CH 2IOO is incorrect. The low ionization energy region of the photoelectron spectrum of CH 2OO consists of two overlapping vibrationally structured bands corresponding to one-electron ionizations from the highest two occupied molecular orbitals of the neutral molecule. In each case, the adiabatic component is the most intense and the adiabatic ionization energies of these bands are expected to be very close, at 9.971 and 9.974-eV at the highest level of theory used.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12411-12423
Number of pages13
JournalChemistry - A European Journal
Volume18
Issue number39
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 24 Sep 2012

Keywords

  • absorption spectrum
  • Criegee intermediate
  • electronic structure calculations
  • Franck-Condon calculations
  • photoelectron spectrum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)

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