Specification for segmentation and named entity annotation of Chinese classics in the Ming and Qing dynasties

Dan Xiong, Qin Lu, Fengju Lo, Dingxu Shi, Tin Shing Chiu, Wanyin Li

Research output: Chapter in book / Conference proceedingConference article published in proceeding or bookAcademic researchpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


The quality of text segmentation and annotation plays a significant role in Natural Language Processing especially in downstream applications. This paper presents the specification for word segmentation and named entity annotation targeted for novels in the Ming and Qing dynasties. The purpose of this work is to build the foundational work for computer-aided lexical semantic analysis of classical Chinese literature, especially the transition of Chinese literature from its traditional forms such as traditional verses and vernacular styles to modern Chinese. To assist in literature study, an elaborate named entity annotation scheme is specially developed for classical Chinese. Computer-aided segmentation and named entity annotation are conducted on some famous Ming and Qing Chinese classics. The specification for the segmentation and annotation is produced based on the studies of the morphology and semantics differences as well as similarities between classical Chinese and modern Chinese with reference to the existing standards for modern Chinese processing widely used in Mainland China and Taiwan.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationChinese Lexical Semantics - 13th Workshop, CLSW 2012, Revised Selected Papers
Number of pages14
Publication statusPublished - 26 Feb 2013
Event13th Chinese Lexical Semantics Workshop, CLSW 2012 - Wuhan, China
Duration: 6 Jul 20128 Jul 2012

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume7717 LNAI
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349


Conference13th Chinese Lexical Semantics Workshop, CLSW 2012


  • computer-aided annotation
  • named entities
  • novels in the Ming and Qing dynasties
  • segmentation and PoS principles
  • semantic analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Computer Science(all)

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