Sparse Support Matrix Machine

Qingqing Zheng, Fengyuan Zhu, Jing Qin, Badong Chen, Pheng Ann Heng

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

61 Citations (Scopus)


Modern technologies have been producing data with complex intrinsic structures, which can be naturally represented as two-dimensional matrices, such as gray digital images, and electroencephalography (EEG) signals. When processing these data for classification, traditional classifiers, such as support vector machine (SVM) and logistic regression, have to reshape each input matrix into a feature vector, resulting in the loss of structural information. In contrast, modern classification methods such as support matrix machine capture these structures by regularizing the regression matrix to be low-rank. These methods assume that all entities within each input matrix can serve as the explanatory features for its label. However, in real-world applications, many features are redundant and useless for certain classification tasks, thus it is important to perform feature selection to filter out redundant features for more interpretable modeling. In this paper, we tackle this issue, and propose a novel classification technique called Sparse Support Matrix Machine (SSMM), which is favored for taking both the intrinsic structure of each input matrix and feature selection into consideration simultaneously. The proposed SSMM is defined as a hinge loss for model fitting, with a new regularization on the regression matrix. Specifically, the new regularization term is a linear combination of nuclear norm and ℓ 1 norm, to consider the low-rank property and sparse property respectively. The resulting optimization problem is convex, and motivates us to propose a novel and efficient generalized forward-backward algorithm for solving it. To evaluate the effectiveness of our method, we conduct comparative studies on the applications of both image and EEG data classification problems. Our approach achieves state-of-the-art performance consistently. It shows the promise of our SSMM method on real-world applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)715-726
Number of pages12
JournalPattern Recognition
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2018


  • Classification
  • Low rank
  • Matrix analysis
  • Sparse
  • Support vector machine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Signal Processing
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Artificial Intelligence


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