Source apportionment of PM2.5in urban area of Hong Kong

K. F. Ho, J. J. Cao, Shuncheng Lee, Chak K. Chan

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

103 Citations (Scopus)


A monitoring program for PM2.5had been performed at two urban monitoring stations in Hong Kong from November 2000 to February 2001 and June 2001 to August 2001. PM2.5samples were collected once every 6 days at PolyU and KT stations with the sampling duration of 24-h. A sum of 25 chemical species in PM2.5were determined and selected for receptor models. Enrichment factors relative to earth crust abundances were evaluated and it was noted that most crustal elements including Al, Ti, Mg, Ca and K have small enrichment factors. Correlation and multivariate analysis technique, such as principal components analysis (PCA)/absolute principal components analysis (APCA) and cluster analysis (CA) are used for source apportionment to identify the possible sources of PM2.5and to determine their contribution. Six factors at each site were isolated by using PCA/APCA and cluster analysis. Similar sources (crustal matter, automobile emission, diesel emission, secondary aerosols, tire wear, and non-ferrous smelter) are identified by the PCA/APCA and cluster analysis.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)73-85
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Hazardous Materials
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2 Nov 2006


  • Absolute principal components analysis (APCA)
  • Cluster analysis
  • Enrichment factors
  • Source apportionment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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