Sonography of neck lymph nodes. Part II: Abnormal lymph nodes

Anil Ahuja, Tin Cheung Ying

Research output: Journal article publicationReview articleAcademic researchpeer-review

227 Citations (Scopus)


Assessment of cervical lymph nodes is essential for patients with head and neck carcinomas, and ultrasound is a useful imaging technique. Sonographic features that help distinguish between the causes of neck lymphadenopathy, including grey scale and Doppler features, are discussed. In addition to the distribution and location of nodes, the useful grey-scale features are: size, shape, internal architecture, intranodal necrosis, absence of hilar structure and calcification. The useful Doppler features are: distribution of vascularity and intranodal resistance. Ancillary features such as oedema of soft tissue and nodal matting are particularly helpful to identify tuberculous nodes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)359-366
Number of pages8
JournalClinical Radiology
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2003


  • Cervical lymph nodes
  • Lymphoma
  • Metastases
  • Tuberculosis
  • Ultrasound

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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