Objective. This study was undertaken to evaluate the thickness, cross-sectional area, and length of Achilles tendons in asymptomatic subjects of different age groups and heights and between dominant and nondominant ankles. Methods. High-resolution sonographic examinations of Achilles tendons were performed in 40 healthy subjects (14 men and 26 women). The subjects were categorized into 4 age groups: (1) 20 to 29 years, (2) 30 to 39 years, (3) 40 to 49 years, and (4) 50 years or older. The thickness, cross-sectional area, and length of the Achilles tendons of both ankles were measured. All Achilles tendons were measured with the ankle in a relaxed, neutral position. Results. There was no significant difference in the thickness and length of Achilles tendons among subjects of different age groups (P > .05). The Achilles tendon cross-sectional area of subjects 50 years or older was significantly larger than that of subjects in the younger age groups (P < .05). There was a positive correlation between the height of the subjects and the length, thickness, and cross-sectional area of the Achilles tendons; however, the correlation coefficient was low (r = 0.07-0.28; P > .05). Dominance of ankles did not affect the thickness and length of the Achilles tendons, whereas the cross-sectional area of the tendons was significantly larger in the dominant ankles (P < .05). Conclusions. Sonography is a useful imaging tool in the evaluation of Achilles tendons. Normal variations of the tendon morphologic characteristics should be considered in the clinical diagnosis.
- Achilles tendon
- Body height
- Dominance of ankle
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging