Organic-inorganic lead halide perovskites have recently emerged as highly competitive light absorbing materials for low cost solution-processable photovoltaic devices. With the high efficiency already achieved, removing the toxicity, i.e., lead-free and stability are the key obstacles for perovskite solar cells. Here, we report the synthesis of an antimony (Sb)-based hybrid material having the composition of A3Sb2I9[A = CH3NH3(MA), Cs] and an investigation of its potential photovoltaic applications. Sb-based perovskite-like materials exhibited attractive absorbance properties, with the band gaps of MA3Sb2I9and Cs3Sb2I9measured to be 1.95 and 2.0 eV, respectively. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy confirmed the formation of stoichiometric perovskites from appropriate precursor molar ratios incorporated with hydroiodic acid (HI). Planar hybrid Sb-based solar cells exhibited negligible hysteresis and reproducible power output under working conditions. A power conversion efficiency of 2.04% was achieved by the MA3Sb2I9perovskite-based device - the highest reported to date for a Sb-based perovskite solar cell.
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Materials Science(all)