Solidification/stabilisation behaviours of Zn2+ in magnesium potassium phosphate cement: Experiments and density functional theory study

Renjie Mi, Zhibin Zhang, Weiming Ji, Shichang Liu, M. F. Kai, Kui lin, Yongshan Tan

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The solidification/stabilisation behaviours of Zn2+ in magnesium potassium phosphate cement (MKPC) have not been thoroughly investigated. Herein, a series of experiments and a detailed density functional theory (DFT) study were conducted to investigate the solidification/stabilisation behaviours of Zn2+ in MKPC. The results showed that the compressive strength of MKPC reduced with the addition of Zn2+ because the formation of MgKPO4·6H2O (the main hydration product in MKPC) was delayed with the addition of Zn2+, as discovered by the crystal characteristics, and because Zn2+ exhibited a lower binding energy in MgKPO4·6H2O compared to Mg2+, as revealed by DFT results. Additonally, Zn2+ had little influence on the structure of MgKPO4·6H2O, and Zn2+ existed in MKPC as the formation of Zn2(OH)PO4, which was decomposed in the range of around 190–350 °C. Moreover, there were a lot of well-crystallised tabular hydration products before the addition of Zn2+, but the matrix was comprised of irregular prism crystals after adding Zn2+. Furthermore, the leaching toxicity of Zn2+ of MKPC was much smaller than the requirements of Chinese and European standards.

Original languageEnglish
Article number116247
JournalEnvironmental Research
Volume231
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Aug 2023

Keywords

  • Heavy metals
  • Leaching toxicity
  • Magnesium potassium phosphate cement
  • Solidification/stabilisation behaviours

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • General Environmental Science

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