Solar Seawater Distillation by Flexible and Fully Passive Multistage Membrane Distillation

Wenbin Wang, Yusuf Shi, Chenlin Zhang, Renyuan Li, Mengchun Wu, Sifei Zhuo, Sara Aleid, Peng Wang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

57 Citations (Scopus)


Solar-assisted distillation is considered promising to solve the freshwater supply for off-grid communities. In this work, a passive and flexible multistage membrane distillation (F-MSMD) device is devised to produce freshwater via solar distillation with the latent heat of vapor condensation being recycled to enhance its energy efficiency. By designing a siphon effect, source water is continuously wicked into the evaporation layer and the concentrated brine flows out of the device before reaching saturation, which successfully solves the otherwise challenge of salt accumulation inside the device. To achieve such siphon flow, the recycled paper is prepared from spent copy paper and used as the evaporation layer for efficient water delivery owing to its large pore size and high hydrophilicity. An eight-stage F-MSMD device exhibits a stable clean water production rate at 3.61 kg m-2 h-1 in the newly designed siphon-flow mode. This work provides a green route for designing a solar-assisted distillation device.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5068-5074
Number of pages7
JournalNano Letters
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 23 Jun 2021


  • enthalpy recycle
  • flexible device
  • green technology
  • off-grid sanitation
  • paper recycle
  • portable device
  • solar distillation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • General Chemistry
  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering


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