Solar photocatalytic oxidation of NO by electronspun TiO2/ZnO composite nanofiber mat for enhancing indoor air quality

Carina Chun Pei, Woon Fong Leung

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: There is a demand to develop nano-photocatalyst that has better performance than existing TiO2nanoparticles, which are difficult to separate and reuse. Results: Both TiO2and TiO2/ZnO composite nanofibers prepared using sol-gel assisted electrospinning provided higher photocatalytic oxidation (PCO) of NO than TiO2nanoparticles of 100 nm. The nanopores formed between nano-crystallites of nanofibers were found to increase both adsorption and activity of the photocatalyst. The TiO2/ZnO composite nanofiber photocatalyst has a lower band-gap than TiO2nanofibers, which favors photo-electron generation, because introduction of ZnO causes charge imbalance and formation of unsaturated chemical bonds on the surface, increasing the catalyst surface oxygen vacancy and generation of the oxidation radicals, thereby increasing PCO. The efficiency of PCO under irradiation containing a full spectrum of wavelengths was optimized by adding 0.10 wt% of Zn to the TiO2photocatalyst, and this optimal amount of added dopant was in accord with X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy measurement. The activity of the nanofiber photocatalysts was improved by increasing the irradiation area and residence time; and optimized at a relative humidity of 50%. Conclusion: The present study demonstrates that enhanced PCO of NO with photocatalyst nanofiber can be optimized under solar light irradiation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1646-1652
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology
Volume89
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014

Keywords

  • Nanofibers
  • Nitrogen oxide
  • Photocatalytic oxidation (PCO)
  • Titanium dioxide
  • Zinc oxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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