Soft manikin as tool to evaluate bra features and pressure

Cheuk wing Lee, Kit lun Yick, Sun pui Ng, Joanne Yip

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Accurate evaluations of the interface pressure between the bra and skin are critically important prerequisites for the ergonomic design of bra components. Nevertheless, previous analyses on contact pressure have mainly relied on human wear trials with low data repeatability. Determining suitable pressure and tension of shoulder strap and underband to provide adequate breast support has been largely empirical. In this study, a manikin with breast prostheses is designed for bra pressure evaluation. The Novel Pliance-X® pressure system is used to measure the contact pressure induced by the underwire, shoulder straps, underband and different bra cup materials. The results demonstrate that the bra-manikin pressure is increased with a rigid shoulder strap and bra band as well as flexible bra cup material and underwire. The manikin with breast prostheses shows a satisfactory result validated by a subject wear trial, thus providing a more reliable and objective approach for future bra studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)204-212
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Fashion Design, Technology and Education
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 3 May 2020


  • Bra features
  • bra material properties
  • bra-manikin pressure
  • soft manikin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Visual Arts and Performing Arts
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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