Socio-demographic and family determinants of emotional competence of high school students in Hong Kong: A 6-year longitudinal study

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� 2016 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston. To understand adolescent development in the Chinese context, developmental trajectories of adolescent emotional competence over time and the related socio-demographic and family determinants were examined in a 6-year longitudinal study. Over six waves of data collection, students were invited to complete a questionnaire measuring emotional competence, paternal and maternal control, father-child and mother-child relationship, family functioning and socio-demographic characteristics. Results showed that adolescent emotional competence showed a linear increase across time. At the initial stage, gender, paternal and maternal control, father-child and mother-child relationship and family functioning influenced adolescent emotional competence. Over time, maternal control, mother-child relationship and family functioning predicted changes in the trajectory of adolescent emotional competence. The theoretical and practical implications of the findings are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)397-408
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal on Disability and Human Development
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2016


  • adolescents
  • developmental trajectory
  • emotional competence
  • family functioning
  • parental control
  • positive youth development
  • socio-demographic factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Sensory Systems
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Advanced and Specialised Nursing
  • Speech and Hearing

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