Social costs of tourism during the COVID-19 pandemic

Richard T.R. Qiu, Jinah Park, Shi Na Li, Haiyan Song

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

406 Citations (Scopus)


The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 is currently spreading across the world at an alarming rate, resulting in the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic. Amidst this crisis, tourism scholars are directing their attention to communities at tourist destinations, looking at their safety and well-being and the costs that they will bear due to the cessation of tourism activity. This article describes residents' perceptions of the risks posed by tourism activity, and estimates their willingness to pay to reduce public health risks based on hypothetical scenarios, using the triple-bounded dichotomous choice contingent valuation method. The social costs in three urban destinations are assessed and compared. Based on the findings, suggestions are made for appropriate post-pandemic recovery actions by local authorities and tourism organizations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102994
JournalAnnals of Tourism Research
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2020


  • Contingent valuation method
  • Pandemic crisis
  • Social cost
  • Tourism impact
  • Willingness to pay

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Development
  • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management


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