Smooth geometry generation in additive manufacturing file format: Problem study and new formulation

Kai Ming Yu, Yu Wang, Charlie C.L. Wang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose - In the newly released ASTM standard specification for additive manufacturing file (AMF) format - version 1.1 - Hermite curve-based interpolation is used to refine input triangles to generate denser mesh with smoother geometry. This paper aims to study the problems of constructing smooth geometry based on Hermite interpolation on curves and proposes a solution to overcome these problems. Design/methodology/approach - A formulation using triangular Bézier patch is proposed to generate smooth geometry from input polygonal models. Different configurations on the boundary curves in the formulation are analyzed to further enrich this formulation. Findings - The study shows that the formulation given in the AMF format (version 1.1) can lead to the problems of inconsistent normals and undefined end-tangents. Research limitations/implications - The scheme has requirements on the input normals of a model, only C0 interpolation can be generated on those cases with less-proper input. Originality/value - To overcome the problems of smooth geometry generation in the AMF format, the authors propose an enriched scheme for computing smooth geometry by using triangular Bézier patch. For the configurations with less-proper input, the authors adopt the Boolean sum and the Nielson's point-opposite edge interpolation for triangular Coons patch to generate the smooth geometry as a C0 interpolant.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)34-43
Number of pages10
JournalRapid Prototyping Journal
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017


  • 3D
  • File format
  • Smooth geometry
  • Standards
  • Surfaces

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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