Smoking among young children in Hong Kong: Influence of parental smoking

Jean Tak Alice Loke Yuen, Yuen Ping Ivy Wong

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


Aims. This paper is a report of a study comparing children with smoking parents and those with non-smoking parents, in terms of knowledge and attitude towards smoking and the influence of parents and peers on smoking initiation. Background. Adolescence is a developmental stage when smoking habits are likely to start. Adolescents are most influenced by the smoking habits of their parents and friends. Method. A cross-section study was conducted with students aged 13-15years in two schools in 2008, using a questionnaire that collected information on the smoking habits of their parents and peers, knowledge and attitude towards smoking, initiation and inclination towards smoking. Chi-square tests and binary logistic regression were used to analyse the data. Results. A total of 257 of 575 (44·7%) students had smoking parent(s), and 25·4% reported having peers who smoked. Children with non-smoking parents were more likely than those with smoking parents to consider 'smoking as disgusting' (67·3% vs. 45·9%), and to know that 'smoking is addictive' (80·5% vs. 70·4%) and 'harmful to health' (81·8% vs. 67·7%). More of those with smoking parents had tried smoking than those with non-smoking parents (13·2% vs. 3·8%). Conclusion. Preventive programmes should involve smoking parents to increase their awareness of the impact their smoking has on their children. Interventions should include problem-solving skills for children to deal with daily stresses and thus eradicate the potential risk of smoking initiation. Journal of Advanced Nursing
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2659-2670
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Advanced Nursing
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2010


  • Children
  • Peer smoking
  • Smoking cessation programmes
  • Smoking parents

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Nursing


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