Smartphone Application-Based Addiction Among Iranian Adolescents: A Psychometric Study

Chung Ying Lin, Vida Imani, Anders Broström, Per Nilsen, Xavier C.C. Fung, Mark D. Griffiths, Amir H. Pakpour

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)


The Smartphone Application-Based Addiction Scale (SABAS) can be used in screening for the risk of smartphone addiction. This study aimed to validate a Persian version of the SABAS using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), Rasch analysis, and latent class analysis (LCA). In a sample of 3807 Iranian adolescents, CFAs were used to confirm the factor structure of SABAS, Rasch models were used to examine the unidimensionality of SABAS, and LCAs were used to classify the adolescents in terms of application preferences and smartphone application-based addiction. The unidimensional structure of SABAS was supported by CFA and Rasch model. LCA classified the sample into three subgroups (i.e., low, medium, high) in terms of risk of smartphone addiction. This study showed the unidimensionality of the Persian SABAS with robust psychometric properties. It can be used by healthcare providers in screening for risk of addiction to smartphone applications and provide early intervention if necessary.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 1 Jan 2018


  • Addiction
  • Adolescent
  • Internet addiction
  • Reliability
  • Smartphone addiction
  • Validity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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