Slenderness limits for cold-formed channel sections in bending by experimental methods

S. Maduliat, M. R. Bambach, X. L. Zhao

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Inelastic design methods allow for larger application of loads on sections than elastic design methods, due to the redistribution of yield stress through the depth of the section. Sections that can reach the full plastic capacity and maintain it for sufficient rotation are considered applicable for plastic mechanism design, resulting in more economical structural solutions. Cold-formed steel channel sections are used extensively in portal frame structures in agricultural and light industrial/commercial applications, structures well suited to plastic design, however may currently only be designed elastically. To address this limitation in design standards, experimental and numerical analyses on the inelastic bending capacity of cold-formed channel sections are performed, and design rules to account for such behaviour are developed. Design rules are prepared using the hot-rolled steel specification methodology of classifying a section as compact, non-compact or slender (according to the Australian Standards) and Classes 1, 2, 3 and 4 (according to the European Standards). Proposals for the Australian standard are shown to provide accurate and reliable capacity predictions for cold-formed steel channel sections whose bending capacity exceeds the elastic limit.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)75-82
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Constructional Steel Research
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Channels
  • Cold-formed steel
  • Hot-rolled steel
  • Plastic capacity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys


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