Size effect on deformation behavior and ductile fracture in microforming of pure copper sheets considering free surface roughening

B. Meng, Mingwang Fu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

76 Citations (Scopus)


In meso/micro-scaled plastic deformation, material deformation and ductile fracture are quite different from those in macro-scale. The roughness of the free surfaces of workpiece increases with deformation and the decrease of grain number in the sample thickness direction, leading to the nonuniformity of specimen thickness. The so-called size effect and free surface roughening may in turn affect the deformation behavior, ductility and fracture morphology of the samples. To explore the coupled effect of workpiece geometry and grain size on material flow behavior in meso/micro-scaled plastic deformation, uniaxial tensile test of pure copper sheets with different thicknesses and comparable microstructure was performed. The experimental results reveal that the material flow stress, fracture stress and strain, and the number of microvoids on fracture surface are getting smaller with the decreasing ratio of specimen thickness to grain size. In addition, the modified Swift's equation and the corrected uniform strain are closer to the experimental ones considering the thickness nonuniform coefficient induced by the free surface roughening. Furthermore, the observation of fracture morphologies confirms that the local deformation caused by the free surface roughening leads to strain localization and a decreased fracture strain when there are only a few grains involved in plastic deformation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)400-412
Number of pages13
JournalMaterials and Design
Publication statusPublished - 15 Sep 2015


  • Ductile fracture
  • Flow behavior
  • Free surface roughening
  • Micro-scaled plastic deformation
  • Size effect

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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