Site-directed mutagenesis of β-lactamase I: Role of Glu-166

Yun Chung Leung, C. V. Robinson, R. T. Aplin, S. G. Waley

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49 Citations (Scopus)


Two Glu-166 mutants of β-lactamase I from Bacillus cereus 569/H were constructed: one with a lengthened side chain (E166Cmc, the S-carboxymethylcysteine mutant) and the other with the side chain shortened and made non-polar (E166A). Their kinetic properties were studied and compared with those of the wild-type and the E166D mutant (with a shortened side chain) previously made by Gibson, Christensen and Waley. Surprisingly, with good penicillin substrates, K(m), k(cat) and k(cat)/K(m) of the two conservative mutants (E166Cmc and E166D) are similar to those of the non-conservative mutant E166A. Their k(cat) values are 3000-fold lower than that of the wild-type enzyme, showing that Glu-166 is a very important residue. The acylenzyme intermediate of E166A and a good substrate, penicillin V, was trapped by acid-quench and observed by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry, suggesting that Glu-166 is more important in catalysing the deacylation step than the acylation step. The β-lactamase I E166A mutant is about 200-fold more active than the Bacillus licheniformis E166A mutant with nitrocefin or 6,β-furylacryloyl-amidopenicillanic acid as substrate. This suggested that other groups in the active site of the β-lactamase I mutant may activate the catalytic water molecule for deacylation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)671-678
Number of pages8
JournalBiochemical Journal
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1994
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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