Sinological-orientalism in Western news media: Caricatures of games culture and business

Hanna Elina Wirman

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


From gold farmers and '100 million brain-damaged online gamers' to the world's biggest game company and more players than US citizens, China seems like the cabinet of curiosities for the whole world of digital gaming. This article focuses on news coverage around Chinese gaming and presents three phases of such journalism. China's emerging games market was most prominently featured between 1999 and 2005, while 2006-2011 focused on extreme play behavior in China. Most recently, a discourse of vast business opportunities and stabilizing markets has been presented by Western news media. In total more than 853 news articles are explored in parallel to the theoretical concept of Sinological-orientalism. This article suggests significant historical changes in the ways in which knowledge of Chinese gaming has been produced in English language news media.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)298-315
Number of pages18
JournalGames and Culture
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015


  • China
  • digital games
  • game culture
  • game development
  • globalization
  • identity
  • news
  • orientalism
  • representation
  • Sinological-orientalism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cultural Studies
  • Communication
  • Anthropology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Applied Psychology
  • Human-Computer Interaction


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