Simulation of Startup Sequence of an Offshore Wind Farm with MMC-HVDC Grid Connection

L. Cai, Ulas Karaagac, J. Mahseredjian

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)


This paper proposes a startup sequence for a modular multilevel converter (MMC) HVDC-connected offshore wind farm (OWF) and demonstrates how it can be simulated using an electromagnetic transient-type tool. The objective is to analyze inrush currents of transformers and cables (HVAC and HVDC). Modeling accuracies and computational performances are examined using three existing modeling methods for the MMCs.
Original languageEnglish
Article number7390314
Pages (from-to)638-646
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Transactions on Power Delivery
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • Electromagnetic transients
  • HVDC
  • modular multilevel converter (MMC)
  • offshore wind farm
  • startup

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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