Simulation of perspiration in sweating fabric manikin-Walter

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Thermal manikins are essential tools for the comfort evaluation of the thermal environment and clothing as well as research into the dynamics of heat and moisture transfer from the human body to the environment - a foundation for thermal physiology and environmental engineering. Since the development of the first non-sweating, single segment copper thermal manikin by the US Army in 1940s, there have been numerous developments worldwide in thermal manikin technologies. Nevertheless, the simulation of perspiration has continued to be one of the major challenges. Inspired by the thermoregulation system of the human body, a novel sweating fabric manikin nicknamed "Walter" has been developed in Hong Kong Polytechnic University. The new sweating manikin achieved perspiration over the entire body and a very high measurement accuracy (viz. a CV of less 5%), yet with a cost of only a small fraction of other sweating manikins developed so far.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)221-230
Number of pages10
JournalWIT Transactions on Ecology and the Environment
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2006
Event3rd International Conference Comparing Design in Nature with Science and Engineering, Design and Nature 2006, DN06 - The New Forest, United Kingdom
Duration: 24 May 200626 May 2006


  • Clothing
  • Environmental ergonomics
  • Manikin
  • Perspiration
  • Sweating
  • Thermal comfort

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Environmental Science


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