Simulation of natural convection and entropy generation of MHD non-Newtonian nanofluid in a cavity using Buongiorno's mathematical model

G. H.R. Kefayati, Hui Tang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

61 Citations (Scopus)


The cavity is filled with nanofluid which the mixture shows shear-thinning behavior. This study has been performed for the certain pertinent parameters of Rayleigh number (Ra = 104and 105), Hartmann number (Ha = 0, 15, 30), buoyancy ratio number (Nr= 0.1, 1, and 4), power-law index (n = 0.4–1), Lewis number (Le = 1, 5, and 10), Thermophoresis parameter (Nt= 0.1, 0.5, 1), and Brownian motion parameter (Nb= 0.1, 1, 5). The Prandtl number is fixed at Pr = 1. The Results indicate that the augmentation of Hartmann number causes heat and mass transfer to drop. The increase in Rayleigh number enhances heat and mass transfer for various power-law indexes. The alteration of the power-law index changes heat and mass transfer. In addition, the rise of Hartmann number declines the shear-thinning behavior. The increase in the Lewis number augments mass transfer while it causes heat transfer to drop. The rise of the Thermophoresis and Brownian motion parameters ameliorate mass transfer and declines heat transfer significantly. The augmentation of buoyancy ratio number enhances heat and mass transfer. The augmentation of the power-law index declines various entropy generations in different Rayleigh numbers and Hartmann numbers. The increase in Hartmann number declines total entropy generation in different Rayleigh numbers. In addition, the rise of Rayleigh number and Hartmann number causes Bejan number to drop in various power-law indexes. The enhancement of the Lewis number provokes the total irreversibility to rise. Further, the total entropy generation increases as the buoyancy ratio number augments. It was shown that the increase in the Brownian motion and Thermophoresis parameters enhance the total irreversibility.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17284-17327
Number of pages44
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Issue number27
Publication statusPublished - 6 Jul 2017


  • Buongiorno model
  • Entropy
  • MHD
  • Natural convection
  • Non-Newtonian nanofluid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology


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