Signal Enhancement of Low Magnetic Field Magnetic Resonance Image Using a Conventional- and Cyclic-Generative Adversarial Network Models With Unpaired Image Sets

Denis Yoo, Yuni Annette Choi, C. J. Rah, Eric Lee, Jing Cai, Byung Jun Min, Eun Ho Kim

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

Abstract

In this study, the signal enhancement ratio of low-field magnetic resonance (MR) images was investigated using a deep learning-based algorithm. Unpaired image sets (0.06 Tesla and 1.5 Tesla MR images for different patients) were used in this study following three steps workflow. In the first step, the deformable registration of a 1.5 Tesla MR image into a 0.06 Tesla MR image was performed to ensure that the shapes of the unpaired set matched. In the second step, a cyclic-generative adversarial network (GAN) was used to generate a synthetic MR image of the original 0.06 Tesla MR image based on the deformed or original 1.5 Tesla MR image. Finally, an enhanced 0.06 Tesla MR image could be generated using the conventional-GAN with the deformed or synthetic MR image. The results from the optimized flow and enhanced MR images showed significant signal enhancement of the anatomical view, especially in the nasal septum, inferior nasal choncha, nasopharyngeal fossa, and eye lens. The signal enhancement ratio, signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and correlation factor between the original and enhanced MR images were analyzed for the evaluation of the image quality. A combined method using conventional- and cyclic-GANs is a promising approach for generating enhanced MR images from low-magnetic-field MR.

Original languageEnglish
Article number660284
JournalFrontiers in Oncology
Volume11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11 May 2021

Keywords

  • conventional-GAN
  • cyclic-GAN
  • enhancement of MR image
  • low magnetic field
  • Magnetic Resonance Image (MRI)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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