Si-based microfabricated liquid fuel cell system featuring high aspect ratio micro-pillars for selective electrocatalyst deposition

Allen C H Feng, Guizhen Yan, Zhiyong Xiao, Philip Ching Ho Chan, I. Ming Hsing

Research output: Chapter in book / Conference proceedingConference article published in proceeding or bookAcademic researchpeer-review

Abstract

Although the power system market for the consumer electronics is largely dominated by the lithium polymer battery, liquid-fuel based micro fuel cells that offer high energy density and require no recharging have attracted many companies in the electronics and telecommunication sectors to develop this technology. For consumers to accept the fuel cell product, its system size and cell performance have to be made comparable to the lithium batteries and its polarization characteristics have to be stable over a long period of time. A silicon/glass based micro fuel cell system fabricated by the micromachining technique was presented. Inductively coupled plasma etched micro-scale pillars that can be used to support noble-metal electrocatalysts and facilitate the pumpless and capillary force driven liquid flow in a micro-environment was highlighted. A novel technique that enables the selective deposition of electrocatalytic metal particles on desired micro-column areas was demonstrated. The selective deposition of electrocatalyst could be achieved by the mediated electropolymerization process of a conductive polypyrrole (PPY) and Nafion® film. Selective electrocatalyst deposition by a wet electroplating process can be done on the selective and conductive Si area covered by the conductive PPY/Nafion film. The selective deposition method is very powerful and should be readily applicable to the other microfabricated fuel cell systems. This is an abstract of a paper presented at the AIChE Annual Meeting and Fall Showcase (Cincinnati, OH 10/30/2005-11/4/2005).
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication05AIChE
Subtitle of host publication2005 AIChE Annual Meeting and Fall Showcase, Conference Proceedings
PublisherAmerican Institute of Chemical Engineers
Volume2005
ISBN (Print)0816909962, 9780816909964
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2005
Event05AIChE: 2005 AIChE Annual Meeting and Fall Showcase - Cincinnati, OH, United States
Duration: 30 Oct 20054 Nov 2005

Conference

Conference05AIChE: 2005 AIChE Annual Meeting and Fall Showcase
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityCincinnati, OH
Period30/10/054/11/05

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy(all)

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