Short-term mechanical ventilation of air-conditioned residential buildings: A general design framework and guidelines

Z. T. Ai, Cheuk Ming Mak

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)


Our previous on-site measurements evaluating various ventilation strategies suggest that short-term mechanical ventilation is overall the most appropriate ventilation strategy for air-conditioned residential buildings. However, there is still no a general design framework of short-term mechanical ventilation strategy, which can determine appropriate design parameters, including ventilation period, ventilation frequency, and start concentration of ventilation, based on various combinations of indoor CO2generation rate, net room volume, infiltration rate, and mechanical ventilation rate. This study for the first time develops such a design framework and then provides the detailed design guidelines. A whole sleeping period of 8 h is divided into many repeated single V-shape ventilation periods; each single ventilation period is comprised of a short-term mechanical ventilation period and a follow-up CO2build-up period. The single V-shape ventilation process is particularly investigated based on a criterion that the average indoor CO2concentration is less than but close to 1000 ppm. A high efficient ventilation strategy, namely requiring a minimum total mechanical ventilation period, is a short single ventilation period and a high ventilation frequency. The outcomes of this study are presented in the form of figures and tables, with most parameters normalized, which are useful to assist a rapid ventilation design.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12-22
Number of pages11
JournalBuilding and Environment
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2016


  • CO 2
  • Design framework
  • Residential buildings
  • Room air conditioner
  • Ventilation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Building and Construction


Dive into the research topics of 'Short-term mechanical ventilation of air-conditioned residential buildings: A general design framework and guidelines'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this