Shift of peak torque angle after eccentric exercise

S. S. Yeung, Wai Ella Yeung

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study aims to investigate the changes in the mechanical properties of quadriceps muscle following a sub-maximal concentric-eccentric stepping exercise protocol. Twenty-four untrained healthy subjects aged 21.9 ± 0.55 years were asked to perform a 10-minute stepping exercise where the dominant leg worked eccentrically and the non-dominant leg worked concentrically at a rate of 15 cycles/min. The quadriceps isokinetic peak torque and the corresponding peak torque angle at angular velocity of 60°/sec, and muscle soreness were determined at baseline, immediately after, day 1 and day 2 after the exercise protocol. Repeated measures of ANOVA showed no change in the peak torque after the eccentric exercise and concentric exercise (p > 0.05 ). There was a significant shift in the peak torque angle to longer muscle lengths in the eccentrically-exercised leg immediately (65.6 ± 2.21°) and on the following two days after exercise (day 1: 68.3 ± 2.71°; day 2: 67.4 ± 2.51°) when compared with baseline (61.4 ± 1.55°, p < 0.05). These features were not observed in the concentrically-exercised leg. Eccentric exercise produced a higher level of soreness than concentric exercise at day 1 and 2 after the protocol. Sub-maximal eccentric exercise could bring about changes in the muscle properties resulting in a shift in the angle-torque relationship to longer muscle length without significant force deficit.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)251-256
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Sports Medicine
Volume29
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2008

Keywords

  • Delayed-onset muscle soreness
  • Eccentric exercise
  • Muscle injury
  • Peak torque angle
  • Rehabilitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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