Sheathing braced design of cold-formed steel structural members subjected to torsional buckling

Sivaganesh Selvaraj, Mahendrakumar Madhavan

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)


The objective of this work is to examine the bracing effect of sheathing boards in inhibiting the instability failure modes of cold-formed steel (CFS) studs in the wall panel construction. A development of accurate and robust sheathing braced design concepts for CFS wall panels will eliminate the need for additional lateral steel bracing, thereby leading to efficient use of construction materials. The current design method by the American Iron and Steel Institute lacks in accurately predicting the design strength of the sheathed CFS stud. Therefore, the current investigation endeavors to fill the gap by carrying out experiments that simulate the behavior of the CFS studs subjected to out-of-plane loading. A total of sixty-seven experiments were carried out with seven different sheathing board types and ten different CFS studs to accomplish the objective. The experiments were carried out using a newly devised test set-up that simulates the worst case failure mode of the sheathing board. The experimental results indicate that the strength, stiffness and failure modes of the sheathing boards vary depending on the following; (i) fiber composition and material properties of the sheathing board; (ii) dimensions of the CFS stud. In addition, the test results also indicated that the stiffness of the sheathing board against the pull-through failure was not influenced by the thickness of the sheathing boards. Based on the inferences (trend of sheathing stiffness and failure modes) from the test results, a new expression is formulated to determine the stiffness of the sheathing board on a function of the tensile modulus of the sheathing board (Es) and dimensions of the CFS stud (d/2). The validation study indicates that the new expression is accurate in terms of both statistical and design application.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)489-509
Number of pages21
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Application
  • Bracing
  • Buckling
  • Cold-formed steel
  • Design method
  • Sheathing
  • Stiffness
  • Wall panel

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Architecture
  • Building and Construction
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality


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