Shear strength and dilative characteristics of an unsaturated compacted completely decomposed granite soil

Md Akhtar Hossain, Jianhua Yin

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

68 Citations (Scopus)


Shear strength and dilative characteristics of a re-compacted completely decomposed granite (CDG) soil are studied by performing a series of single-stage consolidated drained direct shear tests under different matric suctions and net normal stresses. The axis-translation technique is applied to control the pore-water and pore-air pressures. A soil-water retention curve (SWRC) is obtained for the CDG soil from the equilibrium water content corresponding to each applied matric suction value for zero net normal stress using a modified direct shear apparatus. Shear strength increases with matric suction and net normal stress, and the failure envelope is observed to be linear. The apparent angle of internal friction and cohesion intercept increase with matric suction. A greater dilation angle is found at higher suctions with lower net normal stresses, while lower or zero dilation angles are observed under higher net normal stresses with lower suctions, also at a saturated condition. Experimental shear strength data are compared with the analytical shear strength results obtained from a previously modified model considering the SWRC, effective shear strength parameters, and analytical dilation angles. The experimental shear strength data are slightly higher than the analytical results under higher net normal stresses in a higher suction range.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1112-1126
Number of pages15
JournalCanadian Geotechnical Journal
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 26 Oct 2010


  • Axistranslation technique
  • Completely decomposed granite
  • Dilation angle
  • Matric suction
  • Shear strength
  • Soil-water retention curve

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology

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