Shape memory fiber spun with segmented polyurethane ionomer

Yong Zhu, Jinlian Hu, Jing Lu, Lap Yan Yeung, Kwok Wing Yeung

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effect of cationic groups within hard segments on shape memory polyurethane (SMPU) fibers was studied and the cyclic tensile testing was conducted to assess the shape memory effect. Mechanical properties, hard segment crystallization, and dynamic mechanical properties of SMPU ionomer fibers composed of 1,4-butanediol (BDO), N-methyldiethanolamine (NMDA), 4,4′- methylenebis(phenyl isocyanate) (MDI), and poly(butylene adipate)diol (PBA) were investigated using a universal tensile tester, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA). The results demonstrate that only 2wt% NMDA can significantly change the glass transition temperature of the soft segment phase. DSC shows that the ionic group within hard segments can facilitate the crystallization of hard segments in unsteamed SMPU ionomer fibers. But for steamed fiber specimens, this effect is insignificant. Moreover, the ionic groups in hard segments with different hard segment contents (HSC) have different effects. In unsteamed fibers with 64wt% HSC, 2wt% NMDA increases the glass transition of soft segments from 63.5 to 70.6°C. However, in fibers with 55wt% HSC, the glass transition temperature is lowered from 46.7 to 33.5°C. The post-treatment, high-pressure steaming is an effective way to remove the internal stress and subsequently improve the dimensional stability of SMPU ionomer fibers.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1745-1753
Number of pages9
JournalPolymers for Advanced Technologies
Volume19
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2008

Keywords

  • Ionic group
  • Ionomer
  • Shape memory fiber
  • Shape memory polyurethane

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Polymers and Plastics

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