Sensitivity of six typical spatiotemporal fusion methods to different influential factors: A comparative study for a normalized difference vegetation index time series reconstruction

Junxiong Zhou, Jin Chen, Xuehong Chen, Xiaolin Zhu, Yuean Qiu, Huihui Song, Yunhan Rao, Chishan Zhang, Xin Cao, Xihong Cui

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Dozens of spatiotemporal fusion methods have been developed to reconstruct vegetation index time-series data with both high spatial resolution and frequent coverage for monitoring land surface dynamics. Although several studies comparing the different fusion methods have been conducted, selecting the suitable fusion methods is still challenging, as inevitable influential factors tend to be neglected. To address this problem, this study compared six typical spatiotemporal fusion methods, including the Unmixing-Based Data Fusion (UBDF), Linear Mixing Growth Model (LMGM), Spatial and Temporal Adaptive Reflectance Fusion Model (STARFM), Fit-FC (regression model Fitting, spatial Filtering and residual Compensation), One Pair Dictionary-Learning method (OPDL), and Flexible Spatiotemporal DAta Fusion (FSDAF), based on simulation experiments and theoretical analysis considering three influential factors between sensors: geometric misregistration, radiometric inconsistency, and spatial resolution ratio. The results indicate that Fit-FC achieved the best performance with the strongest tolerance to geometric misregistration when radiometric inconsistency was negligible; thus, it is the first recommended algorithm for blending normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) imagery. Instead, the FSDAF could generate the best results if radiometric inconsistency was non-negligible. These findings could help users determine the method that is appropriate for different remote sensing datasets, and provide guidelines for developers in the future development of novel methods.

Original languageEnglish
Article number112130
JournalRemote Sensing of Environment
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2021


  • Geometric misregistration
  • Normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI)
  • Radiometric inconsistency
  • Spatial resolution ratio
  • Spatiotemporal fusion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Soil Science
  • Geology
  • Computers in Earth Sciences

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