SENP1 promotes hypoxia-induced cancer stemness by HIF-1α deSUMOylation and SENP1/HIF-1α positive feedback loop

Chun Ping Cui, Carmen Chak Lui Wong, Alan Ka Lun Kai, Daniel Wai Hung Ho, Eunice Yuen Ting Lau, Yu Man Tsui, Lo Kong Chan, Tan To Cheung, Kenneth Siu Ho Chok, Albert C.Y. Chan, Regina Cheuk Lam Lo, Joyce Man Fong Lee, Kin Wah Lee, Irene Oi Lin Ng

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

79 Citations (Scopus)


Objective We investigated the effect and mechanism of hypoxic microenvironment and hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs) on hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cancer stemness. Design HCC cancer stemness was analysed by self-renewal ability, chemoresistance, expression of stemness-related genes and cancer stem cell (CSC) marker-positive cell population. Specific small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO) proteases 1 (SENP1) mRNA level was examined with quantitative PCR in human paired HCCs. Immunoprecipitation was used to examine the binding of proteins and chromatin immunoprecipitation assay to detect the binding of HIFs with hypoxia response element sequence. In vivo characterisation was performed in immunocompromised mice and stem cell frequency was analysed. Results We showed that hypoxia enhanced the stemness of HCC cells and hepatocarcinogenesis through enhancing HIF-1α deSUMOylation by SENP1 and increasing stabilisation and transcriptional activity of HIF-1α. Furthermore, we demonstrated that SENP1 is a direct target of HIF-1/2α and a previously unrecognised positive feedback loop exists between SENP1 and HIF-1α. Conclusions Taken together, our findings suggest the significance of this positive feedback loop between HIF-1α and SENP1 in contributing to the increased cancer stemness in HCC and hepatocarcinogenesis under hypoxia. Drugs that specifically target SENP1 may offer a potential novel therapeutic approach for HCC.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2149-2159
Number of pages11
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2017



ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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