Semiparametric Inference for the Functional Cox Model

Meiling Hao, Kin yat Liu, Wei Xu, Xingqiu Zhao

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


This article studies penalized semiparametric maximum partial likelihood estimation and hypothesis testing for the functional Cox model in analyzing right-censored data with both functional and scalar predictors. Deriving the asymptotic joint distribution of finite-dimensional and infinite-dimensional estimators is a very challenging theoretical problem due to the complexity of semiparametric models. For the problem, we construct the Sobolev space equipped with a special inner product and discover a new joint Bahadur representation of estimators of the unknown slope function and coefficients. Using this key tool, we establish the asymptotic joint normality of the proposed estimators and the weak convergence of the estimated slope function, and then construct local and global confidence intervals for an unknown slope function. Furthermore, we study a penalized partial likelihood ratio test, show that the test statistic enjoys the Wilks phenomenon, and also verify the optimality of the test. The theoretical results are examined through simulation studies, and a right-censored data example from the Improving Care of Acute Lung Injury Patients study is provided for illustration. Supplementary materials for this article are available online.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of the American Statistical Association
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 23 Jan 2020


  • Functional Cox model
  • Joint Bahadur representation
  • Partial likelihood ratio test
  • Penalized partial likelihood
  • Right-censored data

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistics and Probability
  • Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty

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