Semiconducting Conjugated Coordination Polymer with High Charge Mobility Enabled by “4 + 2” Phenyl Ligands

Xing Huang, Shuai Fu, Cong Lin, Yang Lu, Mingchao Wang, Peng Zhang, Chuanhui Huang, Zichao Li, Zhongquan Liao, Ye Zou, Jian Li, Shengqiang Zhou, Manfred Helm, Petko St. Petkov, Thomas Heine, Mischa Bonn, Hai I. Wang, Xinliang Feng, Renhao Dong

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Electrically conductive coordination polymers and metal-organic frameworks are attractive emerging electroactive materials for (opto-)electronics. However, developing semiconducting coordination polymers with high charge carrier mobility for devices remains a major challenge, urgently requiring the rational design of ligands and topological networks with desired electronic structures. Herein, we demonstrate a strategy for synthesizing high-mobility semiconducting conjugated coordination polymers (c-CPs) utilizing novel conjugated ligands with D2h symmetry, namely, “4 + 2” phenyl ligands. Compared with the conventional phenyl ligands with C6h symmetry, the reduced symmetry of the “4 + 2” ligands leads to anisotropic coordination in the formation of c-CPs. Consequently, we successfully achieve a single-crystalline three-dimensional (3D) c-CP Cu4DHTTB (DHTTB = 2,5-dihydroxy-1,3,4,6-tetrathiolbenzene), containing orthogonal ribbon-like π-d conjugated chains rather than 2D conjugated layers. DFT calculation suggests that the resulting Cu4DHTTB exhibits a small band gap (∼0.2 eV), strongly dispersive energy bands near the Fermi level with a low electron-hole reduced effective mass (∼0.2m0*). Furthermore, the four-probe method reveals a semiconducting behavior with a decent conductivity of 0.2 S/cm. Thermopower measurement suggests that it is a p-type semiconductor. Ultrafast terahertz photoconductivity measurements confirm Cu4DHTTB’s semiconducting nature and demonstrate the Drude-type transport with high charge carrier mobilities up to 88 ± 15 cm2 V-1 s-1, outperforming the conductive 3D coordination polymers reported till date. This molecular design strategy for constructing high-mobility semiconducting c-CPs lays the foundation for achieving high-performance c-CP-based (opto-)electronics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2430-2438
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume145
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • General Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

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