Semi-active links in double-panel noise barriers

Stanislaw Wrona, Marek Pawelczyk, Li Cheng

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

Abstract

Active control methods have shown their effectiveness in reducing noise transmitted through single- or double-panel barriers. However, when the availability of high-performance processors and energy sources is limited, it is worth considering alternative solutions, including semi-active methods. They can offer considerable levels of noise reduction with limited resources and lower application costs. This paper investigates a novel semi-active control approach for double-panel noise barriers, where bistable links mounted between the panels are structurally coupled, when turned on, or decoupled, when turned off. These semi-active links only require energy when switching between states. The structural couplings significantly alter natural frequencies and mode shapes of the vibroacoustic system. This enables an adaptation of structural response dependent on the noise spectrum, i.e. minimizing the radiation in the targeted frequency bands. Such an approach is especially feasible in case of non-stationarynarrow-band noise, which is very common in real-life. Analysis of experimental results shows that the acoustic radiation of the a noise barrier can be reduced by as much as 16 dB for targeted resonance frequencies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number107542
JournalMechanical Systems and Signal Processing
Volume154
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2021

Keywords

  • Acoustic radiation
  • Double wall
  • Mathematical modelling
  • Semi-active control
  • Vibrating plates

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Signal Processing
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications

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