Self-other agreement and criterion-related validity of moral pride and hubris

Feng Bai, Katrina Jia Lin, Jessica Zhang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Objectives: This research investigates the moral implications of trait-level moral pride and hubris, addressing prior limitations by gathering data from multiple sources. We raise two interrelated questions: (1) Do well-acquainted peers agree with their friends on judgments of trait-level moral pride and hubris? (2) Are moral pride and hubris related to divergent (im)moral outcomes, regardless of measurement sources?. Method: We collected data from a sample of university students and their friends (N = 173 dyads) in Hong Kong to examine self-other agreement and criterion-related validity of trait-level moral pride and hubris. Results: Our findings reveal a medium-to-large level of self-other agreement for, as well as a moral divergence of, trait-level moral pride and hubris. Notably, self-reports of moral pride predict prosocial behavior, whereas self-reports of moral hubris predict virtue-signaling behavior, regardless of whether the outcomes are self- or other-reported. Moreover, self-reports trump other-reports in predicting some outcomes, but the reverse is true for other outcomes. Conclusions: Our findings suggest that individuals' proneness to experience morally specific pride and hubris constitutes “real” traits, evoking divergent (im)moral outcomes. Furthermore, self- and other-reports each contain some unique trait-relevant information, with their relative predictive power depending on the specific predictor and outcome.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)854-869
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Personality
Issue number3
Early online date13 Jun 2023
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2024


  • criterion-related validity
  • moral hubris
  • moral pride
  • self-other agreement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology


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