Self-heating ultra-high performance concrete with stainless steel wires for active deicing and snow-melting of transportation infrastructures

Shuoxuan Ding, Sufen Dong, Xinyue Wang, Siqi Ding, Baoguo Han, Jinping Ou

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The development of self-heating concrete composites with stable electrical conductivity and strong heating capability as well as high mechanical properties is the key for achieving active deicing and snow-melting of transportation infrastructures. Due to their microscale diameter and high aspect ratio, stainless steel wires (SSWs) can form an extensive electrically and thermally conductive as well as reinforcing network inside concrete at a low content. Together with the stainless feature of SSWs as well as high structural compactness and durability of ultra-high performance concrete (UHPC), SSWs reinforced UHPC is expected to be developed into self-heating composites with strong and stable heating capability as well as ultra-high mechanical performance and durability. Therefore, this study evaluated the self-heating capability as well as active deicing and snow-melting performances of such composites. The developed SSWs reinforced UHPC slab demonstrates stable electrical conductivity and strong self-heating capability in cycle uses as well as efficient active deicing and snow-melting properties under different environmental conditions. The electrical resistivity of SSWs reinforced UHPC is only 2.58 Ω cm and it is hardly affected by the change in temperatures, numbers of cyclic self-heating, and numbers of deicing and snow-melting. The SSWs reinforced UHPC slab can be heated from 21.4 °C to 82.4 °C in 16.18 min under the voltages of 30 V in an indoor environment at a temperature of 21.2 °C. The slab only needs 28.98 min, 15.20 min, and 27.31 min to completely melt 9 mm of ice in a freezer at a temperature of −25.6 °C, 5 cm of naturally accumulated snow and 2 cm of artificially compacted snow in an outdoor environment at a temperature of about −5 °C with the wind speed up to 5.36 m s−1. Furthermore, thanks to their characteristics of no adverse effect on vehicle tires and excellent fatigue resistance, self-heating SSWs reinforced UHPC shows promising application prospects in active deicing and snow-melting of transportation infrastructures (e.g., airport runway, pavement and bridge deck) suffering from frigid weather.

Original languageEnglish
Article number105005
JournalCement and Concrete Composites
Volume138
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2023
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Deicing and snow-melting
  • Self-heating
  • Smart
  • Stainless steel wires
  • Ultra-high performance concrete

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Building and Construction
  • General Materials Science

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