Self-Healing, Flexible, and Tailorable Triboelectric Nanogenerators for Self-Powered Sensors based on Thermal Effect of Infrared Radiation

Xingyi Dai, Long Biao Huang, Yuzhang Du, Jiancheng Han, Qiuqun Zheng, Jie Kong, Jianhua Hao

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

106 Citations (Scopus)


Self-healing triboelectric nanogenerators (TENGs) with flexibility, robustness, and conformability are highly desirable for promising flexible and wearable devices, which can serve as a durable, stable, and renewable power supply, as well as a self-powered sensor. Herein, an entirely self-healing, flexible, and tailorable TENG is designed as a wearable sensor to monitor human motion, with infrared radiation from skin to promote self-healing after being broken based on thermal effect of infrared radiation. Human skin is a natural infrared radiation emitter, providing favorable conditions for the device to function efficiently. The reversible imine bonds and quadruple hydrogen bonding (UPy) moieties are introduced into polymer networks to construct self-healable electrification layer. UPy-functionalized multiwalled carbon nanotubes are further incorporated into healable polymer to obtain conductive nanocomposite. Driven by the dynamic bonds, the designed and synthesized materials show excellent intrinsic self-healing and shape-tailorable features. Moreover, there is a robust interface bonding in the TENG devices due to the similar healable networks between electrification layer and electrode. The output electric performances of the self-healable TENG devices can almost restore their original state when the damage of the devices occurs. This work presents a novel strategy for flexible devices, contributing to future sustainable energy and wearable electronics.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1910723
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Issue number16
Publication statusPublished - 20 Apr 2020


  • infrared radiation
  • reversible bonds
  • self-healing
  • self-powered sensors
  • triboelectric nanogenerators

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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