Self-harm and suicidal behaviors in Hong Kong adolescents: Prevalence and psychosocial correlates

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Abstract

The present paper examined the prevalence and psychosocial correlates of adolescent deliberate self-harm (DSH) and suicidal behavior in a representative sample of 3,328 secondary school students in Hong Kong. With reference to the previous year, 32.7 of the students reported at least one form of DSH, 13.7 of the respondents had suicide thoughts, 4.9 devised specific suicidal plans, and 4.7 had actually attempted suicide. Adolescent girls had significantly higher rates of DSH and suicidal behavior than did adolescent boys. Having remarried parents was related to an increased likelihood of DSH and suicide. While high levels of family functioning, overall positive youth development, and academic and school performance predicted low rates of DSH and suicidal behavior, cognitive and behavioral competencies were unexpectedly found to be positively associated with DSH and suicidal behavior. Theoretical and practical implications of the findings are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Article number932540
JournalThe Scientific World Journal
Volume2012
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 May 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Environmental Science(all)

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