Self-adaptive wave absorbing technique for nonlinear shallow water waves

S. Yan, Q. W. Ma, Jinghua Wang, Juntao Zhou

Research output: Chapter in book / Conference proceedingConference article published in proceeding or bookAcademic researchpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


A key challenge in long-duration modelling of ocean waves or wave-structure interactions in numerical wave tanks(NWT) is how to effectively absorb undesirable waves on the boundaries of the wave tanks. The self-adaptive wavemaker theory is one technique developed for this purpose. However, it was derived based on the linear wavemaker theory, in which the free surface elevation and the motion of the wavemaker are assumed to be approximately zero. Numerical investigations using the fully nonlinear potential theory based Quasi Arbitrary Lagrangian Eulerian Finite Element Method (QALE-FEM) suggested that its efficiency is relatively lower when dealing with nonlinear waves, especially for shallow water waves due to three typical issues associated with the wave nonlinearity including (1) significant wavemaker motion for extreme waves; (2) the mean wave elevation (i.e. the component corresponding to zero frequency), leading to a constant velocity component, thus a significant slow shift of the wavemaker; (3) the nonlinear components, especially high-order harmonics, may significantly influence the wavemaker transfer functions. The paper presents a new approach to numerically implement the existing self-adaptive wavemaker theory and focuses on its application on the open boundary, where all incident waves are expected to be fully absorbed. The approach is implemented by the NWT based on the QALE-FEM method. A systematic numerical investigation on uni-directional waves is carried out, following the corresponding validation through comparing the numerical prediction with experimental data for highly nonlinear shallow water waves.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationOffshore Technology; Offshore Geotechnics
PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
ISBN (Electronic)9780791849927
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes
EventASME 2016 35th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering, OMAE 2016 - Busan, Korea, Republic of
Duration: 19 Jun 201624 Jun 2016

Publication series

NameProceedings of the International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering - OMAE


ConferenceASME 2016 35th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering, OMAE 2016
Country/TerritoryKorea, Republic of

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ocean Engineering
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Mechanical Engineering


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