Selenium Nanoparticles (SeNPs) Immunomodulation Is More Than Redox Improvement: Serum Proteomics and Transcriptomic Analyses

Ivan Fan Xia, Hang Kin Kong, Margaret M.H. Wu, Yishan Lu, Ka Hing Wong, Kevin W.H. Kwok

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Selenium nanoparticles (SeNPs) are a novel elemental form selenium and often reported to possess beneficial bioactivities such as anticancer, promoting bone growth and immunomodu-lation. Our previous study demonstrated that chitosan-stabilized SeNPs have strong activity in immunomodulation. However, the mechanism underlying the immunomodulation of SeNPs is still unknown. The aim of this study is to identify the molecular mechanisms involved in SeNP-induced immunomodulation. Using zebrafish, as a common immunological animal model with a highly conserved molecular mechanism with other vertebrates, we conducted serum proteomic and tissue transcriptome analyses on individuals fed with SeNP in healthy or disease conditions. We also compared differences between SeNPs and an exogenous antioxidant Trolox in immune activity and redox regulation. Our results suggest that the immunomodulation activity was highly related to antioxidant activity and lipid metabolism. Interestingly, the biological functions enhanced by SeNP were almost identical in the healthy and disease conditions. However, while the SeNP was suppressing ROS in healthy individuals, it promoted ROS formation during disease condition. This might be related to the defense mechanism against pathogens. SOD and NFkβ appeared to be the key molecular switch changing effect of SeNPs when individuals undergo infection, indicating the close relationship between immune and redox regulation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number964
JournalAntioxidants
Volume11
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 May 2022

Keywords

  • antioxidant
  • infection
  • lipid metabolism
  • Orbitrap tandem mass spectrometry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Physiology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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