Selective Laser Melting of Pure Ag and 925Ag Alloy and Their Thermal Conductivity

Di Wang, Yang Wei, Xiongmian Wei, Khashayar Khanlari, Zhi Wang (Corresponding Author), Yongwei Feng, Xusheng Yang (Corresponding Author)

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review


Due to the high reflectivity of Ag to infrared lasers, there is little research focused on the manufacturing of Ag and Ag alloys by selective laser melting (SLM) technique. In this paper, the manufacturing characteristics, microstructure, and thermal conductivity of SLMed Ag, 925Ag, and their heat-treated parts were studied. With the suitable processing parameters, Ag and 925Ag samples with relative densities of 91.06% and 96.56%, respectively, were obtained. Due to the existence of non-molten particles inside the samples and local high energy density of the laser during the processing, a large number of irregular pores and micropores were formed in the microstructures. XRD analysis shows that no phase transition occurred in the annealed Ag and solution-treated 925Ag parts, as compared to their as-built conditions. The SLMed Ag exhibited fine equiaxed grains, while both columnar grains and elongated lath grains existed in the SLMed 925Ag parts. The annealed Ag and solution-treated 925Ag exhibited large equiaxed grains. Due to the grain growth that occurred in the microstructure, the thermal conductivity of Ag increased by 11.35% after completing the annealing treatment. However, that of 925Ag decreased by 17.14% after completing the solid solution treatment, due to the precipitation of the strengthening phase at grain boundaries. A comparison of the thermal conductivities of Ag and 925Ag shows that the influence of the materials on the obtained thermal conductivities was more pronounced than that of the porosity.

Original languageEnglish
Article number480
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2022


  • additive manufacturing
  • Ag alloy
  • microstructure
  • thermal conductivity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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