Selective absorption of swelling rubber in hot and warm asphalt binder fractions

Huayang Yu, Zhen Leng, Zeyu Zhang, Danning Li, Junhui Zhang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


The use of waste tire rubber as asphalt modifier has been a practice-ready technology. However, the interaction among components within asphalt rubber (AR) and warm asphalt rubber (WAR) is still unclear. During the blending process, the swelling rubber releases polymer agents in asphalt and absorbs components from both asphalt and warm mix asphalt (WMA) additive simultaneously. The component interaction significantly influences the final rheological properties. A comprehensive understanding of the selective absorption of crumb rubber during the blending process provides references to optimize the material and procedure design of rubberized asphalt. To this end, one AR and two WARs were prepared with three mixing durations. The liquid phases and crumb rubber particles were separated. The separated swelling rubber particles were then processed by the staged extraction method to divide the asphalt-rubber interacting area from outside to inside into four layers. The absorption preference of swelling rubber and its influence on rheological properties were investigated by chemical and rheological tests. Test results showed that asphalt fractions with smaller molecular weight were absorbed into deeper layers of swelling rubber. By contrast, crumb rubber was found to be reluctant to absorb the fractions with C[sbnd]O bond during the mixing process. In addition, the Fischer Tropsch (FT) wax showed a negligible influence on the absorption preference, while the effect of surfactant on absorption preference was significant. Finally, the relationship between absorption preference and rheological properties was established. It was found that the absorption preference of crumb rubber is beneficial to the rutting resistance of rubberized asphalt.

Original languageEnglish
Article number117727
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
Publication statusPublished - 30 Mar 2020


  • Absorption preference
  • Chemical analysis
  • Rheological analysis
  • Staged extraction
  • Swelling rubber

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)

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