Seismic robustness of self-centering braced frames suffering tendon failure

Yiwei Ping, Cheng Fang, Yiyi Chen, Michael C.H. Yam

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)


This paper comprehensively discusses the behavior and failure risk of self-centering braced frames suffering tendon fracture. The fundamental mechanism of tendon failure in self-centering braces (SCBs) is first introduced, followed by the design and analysis of a series of prototype buildings with different tendon materials and brace configurations. Assuming a normal distribution of tendon fracture strain, the dynamic behavior of the frames is then assessed by a suite of ground motion records, covering both far-field and near-fault ones. The collapse and residual deformation fragilities of the frames are further evaluated, and the study ends with a risk assessment considering a 50-year service period. Among other findings, the study indicates that tendon fracture tends to increase the peak interstory drift, especially for the structure with smaller tendon fracture strains. Tendon fracture also compromises the self-centering capability significantly, although there is no obvious statistical correlation between tendon fracture and the peak floor acceleration. The probability of collapse and that of exceedance of certain residual drift both increase evidently when tendon fracture is considered. The failure probabilities are closely related to the available deformability of the SCBs, where dual-core SCBs show less sensitivity to tendon fracture. The probability of collapse of the considered frames over 50 years of service increases from 1.25-2.12% to 3.58-6.52% when tendon fracture is considered. Considering a residual drift threshold of 0.5%, the probability of exceedance of the same structures over the same life span increases from 1.78-3.54% to 5.46-9.71%.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1671-1691
Number of pages21
JournalEarthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - May 2021


  • fragility analysis
  • risk assessment
  • seismic robustness
  • self-centering brace
  • tendon fracture

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)


Dive into the research topics of 'Seismic robustness of self-centering braced frames suffering tendon failure'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this