Seismic response of non-structural components in multi-storey steel frames

X. Ding, M. Liapopoulou, A. Y. Elghazouli

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review


This paper investigates the elastic and inelastic seismic response of non-structural components in multi-storey steel moment framed structures and derives predictive relationships for their displacements and spectral accelerations. Within 38 primary structural steel frames, non-structural components characterised by various periods and strength reduction factors, are modelled as single-degree-of-freedom systems which are fixed to individual floors. The primary structures are three, five, and seven-storey steel moment-resisting frames, designed according to the provisions of Eurocode 8. Detailed nonlinear time history analyses are conducted, employing a large set of 100 ground motion records from both far-field and near-field sources. These records are scaled to two distinct levels to simulate the response of primary structures in both elastic and inelastic states. The influence of the ground motion type and the inelasticity level in the non-structural components is examined in detail. The sensitivity to strain hardening and viscous damping considerations is also assessed and discussed. Based on the results, representative relationships for predicting the inelastic displacement ratios are proposed. In addition, various provisions stipulated in European design guidance for determining the spectral accelerations are critically evaluated and improvements are suggested with due consideration for the inelasticity of both the non-structural components and the primary structures.

Original languageEnglish
Article number108398
JournalJournal of Constructional Steel Research
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2024


  • Eurocode 8
  • Inelastic displacement ratios
  • Non-structural components
  • Seismic response
  • Spectral accelerations
  • Steel structures

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys


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