Seismic response control of frame structures using magnetorheological/electrorheological dampers

You Lin Xu, W. L. Qu, J. M. Ko

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

130 Citations (Scopus)


Semi-active control of buildings and structures for earthquake hazard mitigation represents a relatively new research area. Two optimal displacement control strategies for semi-active control of seismic response of frame structures using magnetorheological (MR) dampers or electrorheological (ER) dampers are proposed in this study. The efficacy of these displacement control strategies is compared with the optimal force control strategy. The stiffness of brace system supporting the smart damper is also taken into consideration. An extensive parameter study is carried out to find the optimal parameters of MR or ER fluids, by which the maximum reduction of seismic response may be achieved, and to assess the effects of earthquake intensity and brace stiffness on damper performance. The work on example buildings showed that the installation of the smart dampers with proper parameters and proper control strategy could significantly reduce seismic responses of structures, and the performance of the smart damper is better than that of the common brace or the passive devices. The optimal parameters of the damper and the proper control strategy could be identified through a parameter study.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)557-575
Number of pages19
JournalEarthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2000


  • Control strategies
  • Frame structure
  • Seismic response
  • Smart dampers
  • Vibration control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)

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