Seismic resilience of retrofitted RC buildings

Ghazanfar Ali Anwar, You Dong

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


Existing buildings can be at a greater seismic risk due to non-conformance to current design codes and may require structural retrofitting to improve building performance. The performance of buildings is measured in terms of immediate consequences due to direct damage, but the continuing impacts related to recovery are not considered in seismic retrofit assessment. This paper introduces a framework of retrofit selection based on the seismic resilience of deficient buildings retrofitted with the conventional mitigation approaches. The assembly-based methodology is considered for the seismic resilience assessment by compiling a nonlinear numerical model and a building performance model. The collapse fragility is developed from the capacity curve, and the resulting social, economic, and environmental consequences are determined. The seismic resilience of a building is assessed by developing a downtime assessment methodology incorporating sequence of repairs, impeding factors, and utility availability. Five functionality states are developed for the building functionality given investigated time interval, and a functionality curve for each retrofit is determined. It is concluded that seismic resilience can be used as a performance indicator to assess the continuing impacts of a hazard for the retrofit selection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)561-571
Number of pages11
JournalEarthquake Engineering and Engineering Vibration
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jul 2020


  • non-ductile
  • performance-based
  • reinforced-concrete
  • resilience
  • seismic retrofit

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Mechanical Engineering


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