Seismic resilience assessment of extended pile shaft supported coastal bridges considering scour and uniform corrosion effects

Lianxu Zhou, M. Shahria Alam, You Dong, Ruiwei Feng

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The resilience-informed assessment for coastal highway bridges exposed to multiple hazards plays a crucial role in the decision-making process for their operation, maintenance, and management during the bridge's long-term service period. This study performs a seismic resilience assessment for a coastal reinforced concrete (RC) bridge under the combined effects of scour and uniform corrosion. Toward this goal, an extended pile shaft supported coastal RC bridge is taken as the benchmark and fifteen scenarios are generated to cover three regular scour conditions and five different corrosion levels. To inform the bridge management, the probabilistic distribution of the bridge service time corresponding to different corrosion levels is developed. Subsequently, the finite element model (FEM) for each scenario of the benchmark coastal highway RC bridge is developed, involving the soil-pile interaction and considering the uncertainty of structural and geotechnical parameters, as well as earthquake ground motions. The failure mode of the corroded extended pile shaft is identified as a flexural failure by comparing their flexural and shear capacities. Finally, a resilience loss ratio is proposed in this study for the first time to quantify the impacts of corrosion level and scour depth changes on seismic resilience across different ground motion intensities. Results indicate that both the seismic fragility and resilience decrease as the corrosion intensifies over time. Specifically, at a given intensity measure (IM) level, the resilience loss ratio increases as the corrosion level intensifies. For the studied benchmark bridge, the scour significantly increases the structural fundamental period, consequently reducing the curvature demand on the pile shaft. As a result, the scour generally decreases the failure probability and the earthquake-induced functionality loss for the extended pile shaft. As scour depth increases, the resilience loss of the bridge at a given corrosion level decreases.

Original languageEnglish
Article number117643
JournalEngineering Structures
Volume304
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2024

Keywords

  • Bridge scour
  • Corrosion
  • Functionality loss and recovery
  • Multiple hazards
  • Risk and resilience
  • Seismic fragility
  • Soil-pile interaction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering

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